Hospital organization: Maximizing efficiency and minimizing errors in 8 departments


Hospital organization

Hospital organization is critical to ensuring that patients receive appropriate and safe medical care. From resource management and patient management to data management and policy implementation, hospital organization is essential to delivering effective and efficient healthcare.

A look into hospital organization

The hospital organization is a key when it comes to achieving excellent medical care for patients, guaranteeing the proper use of the necessary resources and tools.

The highest authority of the hospital: the manager or director

In the first estate, in the most important position of the hospital organization, would be the management. It is the highest person in charge or authority of the health institution, the main figure of the organization chart. He is the manager or director of the hospital, key in the organization of the center. He must ensure its management, its organization, activities and workers. Likewise, for complying with state regulations in all processes carried out within the hospital. Among his tasks is also to supervise all the activities that take place in the center in each of the departments.

In fact, his mission is to ensure that everything works correctly, and that all the objectives set are met, with the patient as the center of his actions. To do this, he has to guarantee professionals have the necessary resources and tools for their daily performance.

Medical divisions:

  • Medical address: Its responsibility consists of organizing and ensuring the quality of health care, clinical patient safety, teaching and research of hospital workers or departments that depend on it, as well as supervising and coordinating the operation of the services and clinical units.
  • Nursing address: Next would be the nursing division, with the director of nursing as the highest authority and in charge of managing the organization and coordination, as well as supervising and evaluating the quality of the care tasks carried out by different nursing units that the hospital has. , promoting at all times the clinical safety of the patient, teaching, research or the quality of care.
  • Management and general services department, which includes the human resources area, the quality and organization area, as well as the economic and administrative department.
hospital organization

Hospital organization: Departments

Yes, it is common for hospitals to be organized into departments that focus on specific areas of healthcare. Each department has its own organizational structure, led by a department head, and works collaboratively with other departments to provide comprehensive medical care for patients.

Emergency Department:

This is a department that is designed to care for patients who require urgent medical attention due to serious injuries or illnesses, better known as “emergencies.”

  • Triage: Triage is a triage process performed in the emergency room to determine the severity of a patient’s condition. Patients are classified based on the urgency of their medical condition, and treatment is assigned accordingly.
  • Medical team: The medical team in an emergency department may include doctors, nurses, EMTs, paramedics, trauma specialists, anesthesiologists, radiologists, among others.
  • Diagnosis and treatment: Patients in the emergency room can receive diagnosis and treatment for a wide range of medical conditions, including traumatic injuries, heart disease, respiratory problems, neurological disorders, infections, among others.
  • Support team: In addition to the medical team, support staff can also be found in the emergency room, such as social workers, interpreters, and cleaning and security staff.
  • Equipment and technology: Hospital organization in emergencies are equipped with advanced technology, such as cardiac monitoring equipment, X-rays, CT scans and ultrasounds, to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of patients.

Surgery department:

This department is based of performing scheduled and emergency surgeries.

  • Patient preparation: Many times, the hospital organization is based on how we treat the patient. Before surgery, the patient is evaluated by an anesthesiologist and a surgeon to determine her health status and prepare her for surgery. The patient undergoes diagnostic tests, is given anesthesia, and is placed on the operating table.
  • Medical Team: The medical team in the operating room may include the surgeon, anesthesiologist, surgical nurses, surgical technicians, and other specialists, depending on the nature of the surgery.
  • Patient monitoring: During surgery, the medical team constantly monitors the patient’s vital signs, such as heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, and temperature, to make sure everything is working properly.
  • Surgical Procedure: The surgeon performs the surgery, assisted by the medical team, using surgical instruments and advanced technology to address the medical problem.
  • Postoperative: After surgery, the patient is transferred to the recovery room, where her recovery is monitored. The medical team continues to evaluate the patient to ensure that she is recovering properly from the surgery and to avoid any complications.

Pediatric department:

This hospital organization department focuses on the care of pediatric patients, from newborns to adolescents.

hospital organization
  • Physical exam: The physical exam is an important part of pediatric medical care. The pediatrician examines the child to assess his general health and detect any medical problems or conditions.
  • Immunizations: Immunizations are an important part of pediatric health care and are given to protect children from serious infectious diseases.
  • Diagnosis and Treatment: Pediatricians can diagnose and treat a wide range of diseases and medical conditions in children, including respiratory diseases, infections, gastrointestinal disorders, developmental disorders, among others.
  • Medical Team: The medical team in the pediatrics department may include pediatricians, pediatric nurses, laboratory technicians, radiologists, pediatric disease specialists, among others.
  • Support Services: In addition to the medical team, support staff can also be found in the pediatric department, such as social workers, occupational therapists, and physical therapists.

Oncology department:

This department, includes hospital organization, specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

hospital organization

Department of cardiology:

This department focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the heart and blood vessels.

Neurology Department:

This department, with a good hospital organization, focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the nervous system, such as Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and stroke.

  • Neurological evaluation: Is an important part of medical care in neurology. The neurologist performs a detailed evaluation of the patient’s nervous system to detect any medical problems or conditions.
  • Diagnostic tests: Diagnostic tests are an important part of medical care in neurology and may include imaging studies such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT), electroencephalogram (EEG), nerve conduction tests, among others.

Department of obstetrics and gynecology:

This department focuses on the care of pregnant women and the care of diseases related to the female reproductive system.

hospital organization
  • Gynecological examination: The gynecological part of medical care in gynecology is essential, instead in hospital organization. The gynecologist performs a detailed examination of a woman’s reproductive system to detect any medical problems or conditions.
  • Reproductive Health Assessments: Gynecologists perform tests and exams to assess a woman’s reproductive health, including Pap smears, mammograms and ultrasounds.
  • Diagnosis: Gynecologists can diagnose and treat a wide range of gynecological diseases and conditions in women, including menstrual disorders, genital tract infections, fertility problems, pelvic floor disorders, among others.

Department of psychiatry:

This department focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric disorders, such as depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia.

  • Psychiatric evaluation: In the hospital organization, the psychiatrist performs a detailed evaluation of the patient’s mental health to detect any mental problems or disorders.
  • Diagnosis: Psychiatrists can diagnose and treat a wide range of mental and emotional disorders in patients, including anxiety disorders, depression, autism spectrum disorders, mood disorders, substance use disorders, among others.
  • Therapy: Fundamental after a successful diagnosis. Psychiatrists may conduct individual or group therapy to help patients manage their mental and emotional disorders.
  • Medication: Psychiatrists may prescribe medication to help patients manage their mental and emotional disorders.


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