How to survive a hospital emergency: what patients and their families need to know in 21st century


Hospital emergency

In a hospital emergency, it is important that patients receive prompt and appropriate medical care. Hospitals must prioritize care for the most seriously ill or injured patients and ensure that resources are allocated equitably and efficiently. It is also essential that clear protocols are established for communication and coordination between EMS, hospitals and other emergency response agencies. Saying this, here we will tell you EVERYTHING you need to know to act quickly in the event of a hospital emergency, whether you are a health personnel or a patient.

Hospital emergency

The importance of public education about the hospital emergency to reduce its incidence

Hospital emergency is a term used to describe a situation where a hospital or emergency medical service is overwhelmed by numerous patients who need immediate medical attention. Hospital emergency can be caused by a variety of factors, such as natural disasters, mass accidents, disease outbreaks, among others.

In a hospital emergency, medical personnel and resources are overwhelmed, which can lead to a shortage of medical personnel, supplies, and equipment. This situation can jeopardize the quality of medical care provided to patients, and in extreme cases, can lead to loss of life.

To deal with a hospital emergency, it is essential that hospitals and the health care system, have a well-structured, and trained emergency plan to deal with crisis situations. This plan should include training medical personnel, and preparing resources, to deal with large numbers of patients, as well as effective communication with other emergency response agencies in the community.

What type of emergencies are seen most frequently in a hospital?

The most common hospital emergency can vary by geographic location, population served, and time of year. However, some of the more frequent emergencies that hospitals may face include:

  • Traffic accidents: Can be one of the most common emergencies seen in hospitals. Patients can sustain serious injuries such as head trauma, fractures, and open wounds.
  • Heart Attacks and Strokes: Are serious medical emergencies that may require immediate medical attention. These conditions can cause brain damage and endanger the patient’s life.
  • Sports Injuries: Can be common in athletes and people who do strenuous physical activities. These injuries can include fractures, sprains, dislocations, and muscle injuries.
  • Poisoning: Can be caused by the intake of toxic substances, such as drugs, alcohol, chemical products or poisons. These emergencies can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention.
  • Burns: Can be caused by fire, hot liquids, chemicals, and other agents. Severe burns may require immediate medical attention and specialized treatment at a burn center.
  • Respiratory problems: Such as asthma, pneumonia, and respiratory failure, can be medical emergencies that require immediate attention. These problems can be especially serious in younger and older patients.
  • Heart Failure: Is a serious medical emergency that can be life-threatening. Patients may experience shortness of breath, low blood pressure, and other serious symptoms.
  • Epileptic Seizures: Are medical emergencies that can be caused by epilepsy, a neurological disease. These crises can include seizures and other serious symptoms.

It is important that, hospitals are prepared to deal with these emergencies, and have the right staff, resources and medical equipment to provide safe and effective medical care to patients. In addition, it is essential that patients receive education on how to prevent these emergencies, and are encouraged to seek immediate medical care in an emergency.

How to prevent hospital emergencies?

  • Keep a healthy diet: A healthy, balanced diet, including fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains, can help prevent chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and obesity.
  • Exercise regularly: Regular exercise can help prevent chronic diseases and improve cardiovascular health. It is recommended to perform at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity a day.
  • Avoid tobacco and alcohol: Tobacco and alcohol are risk factors for a variety of diseases, including heart disease, cancer, and respiratory diseases. Avoiding these products can help prevent these diseases.
  • Maintain good hygiene: Regular handwashing and good personal hygiene can help prevent infection and disease.
  • Attend regular medical check-ups: Regular medical check-ups can help detect diseases, and prevent their progression. It is important to follow the doctor’s recommendations and attend follow-up appointments.
  • Manage stress: Chronic stress can contribute to a variety of health problems, including heart disease and mental disorders. Learning stress management techniques, such as meditation or yoga, can help reduce stress and improve mental health.
  • Take safety precautions: Taking safety precautions at home, at work, and while playing sports or physical activities can help prevent injuries such as fractures, burns, and cuts.
  • Get vaccinated: Vaccines can prevent infectious diseases, such as the flu and pneumonia. It is important to follow the recommendations of health professionals and keep vaccinations up to date.
Hospital emergency

What are the symptoms of common diseases that I should be aware of?

The symptoms of common illnesses can vary depending on the specific condition, but there are some general symptoms that may indicate an illness or medical condition.

  • Fever: Is an increase in body temperature above normal and may be a sign of infection.
  • Cough and nasal congestion: Can be symptoms of the common cold or respiratory illnesses, such as the flu.
  • Headache: Can be a sign of stress, fatigue, dehydration, or a variety of other medical conditions.
  • Sore throat: A sore throat can be a sign of infection, such as pharyngitis or tonsillitis.
  • Abdominal pain: Abdominal pain can be a sign of a variety of problems, such as gastritis, ulcers, inflammation of the intestine, or kidney stones.
  • Chest pain: Heart problems, such as angina or a heart attack.
  • Shortness of breath: Sign of respiratory diseases, such as asthma or pneumonia, or of heart problems.
  • Fatigue: Fatigue can be a sign of many conditions, from chronic illnesses to dehydration to lack of sleep.
  • Changes in bowel movement patterns: such as diarrhea or constipation, may be a sign of gastrointestinal problems or infectious diseases.
  • Unusual bleeding: Such as vaginal bleeding outside a menstrual period or gastrointestinal bleeding, may be a sign of a serious medical condition.

What type of health personnel can we find in hospital emergencies?

In hospital emergency, a variety of healthcare professionals can be found working together to provide emergency medical care to patients. Below are some of the health professionals that can be found in hospital emergency:

Hospital emergency
  • Emergency Physicians: Doctors who specialize in treating patients with acute medical conditions and who need immediate medical attention.
  • ER Nurses: Nurses can perform triage, administer medications, and perform medical procedures on patients with serious conditions.
  • Emergency Medical Technicians (EMT): Professionals trained to provide emergency medical care at the scene of an incident and in transporting patients to a hospital.
  • Trauma Specialists: Doctors and nurses who specialize in treating patients with severe traumatic injuries, such as car accident injuries or gunshot wounds.
  • Anesthesiologists: Specialize in pain management and sedation for patients requiring invasive medical procedures or surgery.
  • Radiologists: Interpretation of medical images, such as x-rays and CT scans, which can be useful for the diagnosis, and treatment of patients in emergency situations.
  • Pharmacists: Pharmacists can play an important role in hospital emergencies, providing medications and advice on their use and dosage.
  • Support Personnel: It is also possible to find support personnel in hospital emergency, such as administrative personnel, laboratory technicians, social workers and psychologists, who can help ensure comprehensive and coordinated medical care for patients.

It is important to note, that the composition of health personnel in a hospital emergency may vary, according to the specific needs of the patient, and the severity of the emergency. In general, these professionals work together as a team, to provide safe and effective medical care to patients in emergency situations.

In general, maintaining a healthy lifestyle and following prevention guidelines recommended by health professionals can help prevent medical emergencies and reduce the risk of needing hospital emergency care. Actually, it is important to be aware of the symptoms of common illnesses and to seek immediate medical attention if you experience any severe or persistent symptoms.



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