Due to the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus and the rise in the number of confirmed cases in our country, which currently stands at 18 (as of the date of this article, March 13, 2023), it is crucial to take into account the first reported case on February 28. Therefore, the current figure has increased 18 times in two weeks, representing an average of 1.2 more cases per day.
Clinical Signs of Coronavirus Infection
We have previously discussed basic preventive measures in previous articles, but today we will expand on the recommendations in light of the latest events.
The clinical presentation of coronavirus infection can range from the absence of symptoms to severe respiratory failure. People with mild illness have a dry cough, nasal congestion, headache, muscle pain, or general discomfort. Patients with moderate illness have pneumonia, with symptoms such as cough and difficulty breathing, or in the case of children, rapid breathing.
Severe Illness Caused by Coronavirus Infection
Severe illness is characterized by fever, frequent respiratory rate of more than 30/min, and decreased oxygen concentration in the blood, known as hypoxia, with children’s skin presenting a blue or purple color (cyanosis). The most severe forms are acute respiratory distress syndrome, which requires the use of a mechanical ventilator to keep the patient alive, and sepsis or multiple organ failure, secondary to the body’s response against the infection.
So far, the Ministry of Health’s indications regarding what to do when a person is suspected of being infected are quite concise. For now, they only provide the phone number of the Epidemiological and Sanitary Intelligence Unit (UIES) 800-0044800
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